Word Search Definitions
Swagger Stick: Carried at all times by a chief of the village.
Kgotl: The meetinghouse of a large Village
Bark Cloth: Bark that has been beaten into cloth that is used for cloth or sleeping mats.
Raffia Cloth: Cloth woven from the grass-like fiber of the raffia palm after the leaves are stripped, peeled and dried in the sun.
Gourds: Squash like fruit that grow on vines. They are often cut and dried to be used as dishes, musical instruments and serving dishes
Calabashes: Type of gourd.
Mancala: A board game often called the national games of Africa
Sansa: A hand held piano.
String along: A musical bow.
Wax Cloth: Woven cloth that is hand dyed using wax to block out colors.
Mud Cloth: Woven cloth hand pained with prepared mud know for the deep richness of earth-tone colors used.
Lost wax process: The art of casting bronze or gold sculptures.
Flywhisks: Used to keep cool and for swatting flies.
Dumbek: A popular style of drum.
Elephants: Large herbivorous mammals.
Cheetah: Swift-running wild cat, fastest animal on land can reach up to 60mph.
Lion: Large carnivorous feline mammal of Africa and northwest India.
Antelope: Swift running mammals native of Africa and Asia, has long horns and slender build.
Giraffe: An African mammal, the tallest land animal can reach height of 5 meters (16 1/2 feet).
Heros in Black American History
Bond, Julian This leader began his activism as a founding member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) when he was in college in 1965. He was elected a state representative in Georgia and also served as a state senator in Georgia. He was appointed Chairman of NAACP Board of Directors in 1998.
Dubois A writer, editor and teacher, he was the most famous African American intellectual in America in his time. He was one of the first African Americans to sign “The Call” and joined the NAACP staff in 1910, where he worked as director of publicity and research. He also was the founding editor of The Crisis.
Evers, Medgar The Activist joined the NAACP after college. He became the field secretary for Mississippi and led voter registration drives, demonstrations, and boycotts. Because of his activism., he became a target of White Citizens Council, a Mississippi White supremacist group. He traveled throughout Mississippi attending meetings and rallies. and in 1963 was assassinated in the driveway of his home.
Johnson, James Weldon The first African American to become the NAACP’s executive secretary was most famous at the time as a poet, songwritcr; and novelist. He co-wrote “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” which became known as the “Negro national anthem.” Before becoming executive secretary in 1920, he worked as a field secretary for the NAACP. Little Rock Nine: As the school year began in 1957, these nine African American students tried to enter Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Daisy Bates, president of the Arkansas NAACP, had selected them to integrate the school. To protect them from harassing crowds, the U.S. Army escorted them to class.
Marshall The first African American Supreme Court justice, he began his career as a lawyer handling civil rights cases. He went to work for the NAACP in 1934 at the local level and was the attorney as the organization took some well-publicized cases to court. The most famous lawsuit was Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
Mfume. Kwcisi The present head of the NAACP, he worked for political campaigns, became a student activist in college, ran for and won a seat on the Baltimore City council, and was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1986. In 1993, he was made chairman of the congressional Black Caucus. He took over as president and chief executive office of the NAACP in 1996.
Ovington, Mary White This white woman’s response to William English Walling’s article “Race War in the North” led to a meeting with him. Out of this came the idea for “The Call” and an organization that eventually became the NAACP. She was its first executive secretary and also held other positions in the organization.
Parks This woman, who worked for the NAACP. refused to give her seat on a bus to a white person on December 1, 1955. After she was arrested, NAACP leaders and the Montgomery Improvement Association, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., arranged a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
Villard, Oswald Garrison This publisher and grandson of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison wrote “The Call.” the proposal for an organization to protect the civil rights of African Americans. He published it in the New York Evening Post on February 12, 1909. He became one of the first officers of the NAACP.
Walling His article about the 1908 Springfield, Illinois, riots in The Independent began the turn of events that led to the founding of the NAACP. He traveled to Springfield to investigate the situation firsthand and discovered the bigotry and prejudice that had led to the antiblack riots.
Wells-Bamett, Ida B. As a journalist, this woman took on the cause of lynching by compiling a report with statistics, educating the public through newspaper editorials, and organizing political and women’s clubs. She was on of the African Americans who in 1909, signed “The Call.” which led to the formation of the NAACP.
White, Walter This African American had pale skin, blue eyes, and light hair. which enabled him to travel undercover in the South to investigate lynching. Active in the Atlanta branch of the NAACP. he became assistant secretary at its national headquarters in 1918. He was made executive secretary of the NAACP in 1931.
Wilkins, Roy This leader was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call, an African American newspaper. He joined the NAACP staff in 1931 and worked as editor of the Crisis from 1934 to 1949. He was made executive secretary in 1955 and saw the organization through the increasing activism of the 1950s and 1960s.